Rationale: Ice associated marine mammals are expected to be severely affected by declining sea ice extent. It is thus of great importance to monitor their population dynamics.
Component: Ice associated fauna
Type of indicator: E/I, describes state of the ecosystem but is impacted by human activities.
Priority of indicator: e, essential.
• Polar bear population (NPI)
• The Barents Sea/White Sea harp seal population, distribution, abundance and biological state (IMR, PINRO, MMBI)
• Walrus population in the Barents Sea, distribution and abundance (NPI, PINRO, VNIIPrirody)
• Ringed seal population in the Barents Sea, distribution and abundance (NPI, PINRO)