References - Barents sea region red-listed species

References
Typography
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Black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa)

References (literature)

BirdLife International 2004: Birds in Europe. Population estimates, trends and conservation status. – BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12, BirdLife International, Cambridge.

BirdLife International 2012. Limosa limosa. – The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. (Downloaded on 17 November 2014).

Cramp, S. (ed.) 1983: Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. III. Waders to Gulls. – Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Delany, S., Scott, D., Dodman, T. & Stround, D. (eds.) 2009: An Atlas of Wader Populations in Africa and Western Eurasia. – Wetlands International, Wageningen.

Feodorov, V. A. 2002: Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa (L.). – In: Noskov, G. A. (ed.): Red Data Book of Nature of the Leningrad Region. Vol. III Animals, pp. 390–391 (in Russian and English). – World & Family, St. Petersburg.

Gjershaug, J. O., Thingstad, P. G., Eldøy, S. & Byrkjeland, S. 1994: Norsk fugleatals. Hekkefuglenes utbredelse og bestandsstatus I Norge. – Norsk Ornitologisk Forening, Klæbu.

Huntley, B., Green, R. E., Collingham, Y. C. & Willis, S. G. 2007: A climatic atlas of European breeding birds. – Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Jensen, F. P., Béchet, A. & Wymenga, E. 2008: Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of Black-tailed Godwit Limosa l. limosa & L. l. islandica. – AEWA Technical Series No. 37, Bonn.

Ottosson, U., Ottvall, R., Elmberg, J., Green, M., Gustafsson, R., Haas, F., Holmqvist, N., Lindström, Å., Nilsson, L., Svensson, M., Svensson, S. & Tjernberg, M. 2012: Fåglarna I Sverige – antal och förekomst. – Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening, Halmstad.

Pessa, J. & Timonen, S. 2013: Mustapyrstökuirin esiintyminen ja kannankehitys Suomessa (Summary: The distribution and population trend of the Black-tailed Godwit in Finland). – Linnut-vuosikirja 2012: 4–15. BirdLife Finland, Helsinki.

Svensson, S., Svensson, M. & Tjernberg, M. 1999: Svensk fågelatlas. – Vår Fågelvärld, suppl. Nr 31. Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening, Stockholm.

Tucker, G. M. & Heath, M. F. 1994: Birds in Europe. Their Conservation Status. – BirdLife Conservation Series No. 3, BirdLife International, Cambridge.

Valkama, J., Vepsäläinen, V. & Lehikoinen, A. 2011: Suomen III Lintuatlas. – Luonnontieteellinen keskusmuseo ja ympäristöministeriö. – http://atlas3.lintuatlas.fi (viitattu 18.12.2013).

Väisänen, R. A., Lammi, E. & Koskimies, P. 1998: Muuttuva pesimälinnusto (Summary: Distribution, numbers and population changes of Finnish breeding birds). – Otava, Helsinki.

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/106003003/0

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=3003 

http://www.artfakta.se/GetSpecies.aspx 

http://www.artsportalen.artsdatabanken.no/#/Rodliste2010/Vurdering/Limos..

http://www.artfakta.se/Artfaktablad/Limosa_Limosa_100076.pdf 

 

Bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus)

References (literature)

Alter S.E., Rosenbaum H.C., Postma L.D., Whitridge P., Gaines C., Weber D., et al. 2012 Gene flow on ice: the role of sea ice and whaling in shaping Holarctic genetic diversity and population differentiation in bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus). Ecological Evolution. Vol. 2. P. 2895–911.

Belikov S. E., Gorbunov Yu.A., Shilnikov V.I. 1984. Observations of Cetaceans in the seas of the Soviet Arctic. Rep. Int. Whaling Commission, 34: 629–632

Belikov S. E., Gorbunov Yu.A., Shilnikov V.I. 1989. Distribution of Pinnipeds and Cetaceans in Soviet Arctic seas and the Bering Sea in winter. Soviet J. of Marine Biology 15(4): 251–257/ (In Russian)

Belikov S.E. 1985. The Bowhead Whale: hope for species recovery. Priroda, № 11, Pp. 116–117 (In Russian)

Belikov S.E., Boltunov A.N., Gorbunov Yu.A. 2002. seasonal migrations of Cetaceans in the Russian Arctic according to results of long-term ice reconnaissance and drifting station North Pole observations. Marine mammals, M., 2002, Pp. 21–49 (In Russian)

Blackwell S.B., Nations C.S., McDonaldTL, GreeneCR, ThodeAM, GuerraM, et al. Effects of airgun sounds on bowhead whale calling rates in the Alaskan Beaufort Sea. Marine Mammal Science 2013; 29: E 342–65.

Borge T., Bachmann L., Bjørnstad G., Wiig Ø. 2007 Genetic variation in Holocene bowhead whales from Svalbard. Molecular Ecology, 16: 2223–2235. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-294X.2007.03287.x

Christensen, I., Haug, T., Øien, N. 1992. Seasonal distribution, exploitation and present abundance of stocks of large baleen whales (Mysticeti) and sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) in Norwegian and adjacent waters. ICES Journal of Marine Science, 49:341–55

De Korte J., S.E. Belikov 1995 Observations of Greenland whales (Balaena mysticetus), Frantz-Josef Land. Polar Record 30: 135–136

Gavrilo M.V. Cetaceans overview of the Franz-Josef Land federal state refuge // Proc. Kola Scientific Center RAS. Apatity: KSC RAS. (in press) (In Russian)

Gavrilo M.V., Ershov R.V. 2010. Notes on Cetaceans of the Franz-Josef Land – Victoria region // Marine Mammals of the Holarctic. Collection of Scientific Papers. Kaliningrad, Pp. 120–125

Gilg, O., Born, E.W. 2005. Recent sightings of the bowhead whale (Balaena mysticetus) in Northeast Greenland and the Greenland Sea. Polar Biology 28: 796–801

Kovacs K.M., Belikov S.E., Haug T., Lukin N.N., Skern-Mauritzen M., Svetochev V.N., Zabavnikov V.N. 2009 Marine mammals. Stiansen J.E., Korneev O., Titov O. et al. (Eds.) Joint Norwegian-Russian environmental status 2008. Report on the Barents Sea Ecosystem. Part II – Complete report. IMR/PINRO Joint Report Series, 2009 (3): 62 – 66

Kovacs K.M., Gjertz J., Lydersen Ch. 2004. Marine mammals of Svalbard, NPI, 64 pp.

McDonald T, RichardsonW, GreeneCJ, BlackwellS, NationsC, NielsonR, et al. Detecting changes in the distribution of calling bowhead whales exposed to fluctuating anthropogenic sounds. J Cetacean Res Manage 2012; 12: 91–06.

Moore S.E., Reeves R.R. 1993. Distribution and movement. Burns J.J., Montague J.J., Cowles C.J. (eds) The Bowhead Whale. Society for Marine Mammalogy, Special Publication No.2, Allen Press, Lawrence, Kansas, Pp. 313–386

Øien N., Hartvedt S. 1995 Distribution of selected marine mammal species in the northern part of the Barents Sea. Issaksen K., Wiig Ø. (Eds.) Conservation value assessment and distribution of selected marine mammals in the Northern Barents Sea. Meddeleser No 136, Oslo, 1995, Pp. 33–46

Reeves R.R., Ewins P.J., Agbayani S., Heide-Jørgensen M.P., Kovacs K.M., Lydersen C., Suydam R., Elliott W., Polet G., Dijk Y., Blijleven R. 2014. Distribution of endemic cetaceans in relation to hydrocarbon development and commercial shipping in a warming Arctic // Marine Policy Vol. 44. P. 375–389

Reilly, S.B., Bannister, J.L., Best, P.B., Brown, M., Brownell Jr., R.L., Butterworth, D.S., Clapham, P.J., Cooke, J., Donovan, G., Urbán, J. & Zerbini, A.N. 2012. Balaena mysticetus (Svalbard-Barents Sea (Spitsbergen) subpopulation). The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 08 November 2014.

Richardson WJ, MillerGW, GreeneCR. Displacement of migrating bowhead whales by sounds from seismic surveys in shallow waters of the Beaufort Sea. J Acoust Soc Am 1999; 106:2281.

Timoshenko Yu.K. 2004 Mammals of the Franz-Josef Land archipelago. Franz-Josef Land, collection of papers, Archangelsk, Pp. 112–117. (In Russian)

Wiig O., Boltunov A. 1997 Marine Mammals. The FRAM anniversary cruise to Zemlya Franca-Iosifa 23 August - 5 September 1996, P. 21

Wiig, 1991. Seven bowhead whales (Balaena mysticetus) observed at Franz Josef Land in 1990. Marine Mammal Science 7: 316–319

Zeh J.E., Clark C.W., George J.C., Withrow D., Carroll G.M., Koski W.R. 1993. Current population size and dynamics. The Bowhead Whale. Special Publication Number 2. The Society for Marine Mammalogy, Pp. 409–489

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/2472/0 

http://www.npolar.no/en/species/bowhead-whale.html  [3]

 

Eurasian eagle-owl (Bubo bubo)

References (literature)

Bevanger, K. & Overskaug, K. 1998. Utility structures as a mortality factor for raptors and owls in Norway. Pp. 381-392 in: Chancellor, R. D., Meyburg, B.-U. & Ferrero, J. J. (eds.) Holarctic birds of prey. ADENEX-WWGBP.

Bevanger, K., Bartzke, G., Brøset, H., Dahl, E. L., Gjershaug, J. O., Hanssen, F., Jacobsen, K.-O., Kvaløy, P., May, R., Meås, R., Nygård, T. Refsnæs, S., Stokke, S. and Thomassen, J. 2011. Optimal design and routing of power lines; ecological, technical and economic perspectives (OPTIPOL). NINA Rapport 762.

Del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A. and Sargatal (eds.) 1999. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 5: Barn-owls to Hummingbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Direktoratet for naturforvaltning 2009. Handlingsplan for hubro Bubo bubo. Rapport 2009-1.

Gjershaug, J. O., Refsnæs, S. & Bevanger, K. 2014. Mitigation of eagle owl electrocution in Norway. Pp. 149-153 in: Doucet, J. (ed). Environmental Concerns in Rights-of-Way Management 10th International Symposium. Utility Arborist Association.

Jacobsen, K.-O., Øien, I. J., Frydenlund-Steen, O., Oddane, B. and Røv, N. 2008. Hubroens bestandsstatus i Norge. Vår Fuglefauna 31: 150-158.

König, C., Weick, F. and Becking, J.-H. 1999. Owls: A Guide to Owls of the World. Yale University Press.

Melis, C., Holmern, T., Ringsby, T. and Sæther, B. E. 2011. Who ends up in the eagle owl pellets? A new method to assess whether water voles experience different predation risk. Mammalian Biology 76: 683-686.

Øien.I. J., Heggøy, O., Shimmings, P., Aarvak, T., Jackobsen, K.-O., Oddane, B., Ranke, P. S. & Steen, O. F. 2014. Status for hubro i Norge. Norsk ornitologisk forening. Rapport 8-2014. 71 pp.

Links – national and international

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Golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetos)

References (literature)

BirdLife International 2004: Birds in Europe. Population estimates, trends and conservation status. – BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12, BirdLife International, Cambridge.

BirdLife International (2014): Species factsheet: Aquila chrysaetos. – http://www.birdlife.org [2] (Downloaded on 18/11/2014.)

Heggøy, O. & Øien, I .J. 2014. Conservation status of birds of prey and owls in Norway. – Report 1-2014, NOF/BirdLife Norway, Klæbu. Huntley, B., Green, R. E., Collilngham, Y. C. & Willis, S. G. 2007: A climatic atlas of European breeding birds. – Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Koskimies, P. 2014: Suomen lintuopas. – WSOY, Helsinki.

Ollila, T. & Koskimies, P. 2008: Maakotkan ja muuttohaukan suojelutaso Suomessa (Summary: The conservation status of the Golden Eagle and Peregrine Falcon in Finland). – Linnut vuosikirja 2007: 8–17. BirdLife Finland, Helsinki.

Ottosson, U., Ottvall, R., Elmberg, J., Green, M., Gustafsson, R., Haas, F., Holmqvist, N., Lindström, Å., Nilsson, L., Svensson, M., Svensson, S. & Tjernberg, M.2012: Fåglarna i Sverige – anta loch förekomst. – Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening, Halmstad.

Sulkava, S., Huhtala, K., Rajala, P. & Tornberg, R. et al. 1999: Changes in the diet of the Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos and small game populations in Finland in 1957–96. – Ornis Fennica 76: 1–16.

Tucker, G. M. & Heath, M. F. 1994: Birds in Europe. Their Conservation Status. – BirdLife Conservation Series No. 3, BirdLife International, Cambridge. Watson, J. 2010: The Golden Eagle. Second Edition. – T & AD Poyser, London.

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/106003537/0 [3]

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22696060 [4]

http://www.artfakta.se/Artfaktablad/Aquila_Chrysaetos_100011.pdf [5]

Links

[1] https://database.artsdatabanken.no/cms/taxonomy/term/35

[2] http://www.birdlife.org

[3] http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/106003537/0

[4] http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22696060

[5] http://www.artfakta.se/Artfaktablad/Aquila_Chrysaetos_100011.pdf

 

Gray wolf (Canis lupus)

References (literature)

Artsdatabanken 2014: Canis lupus ulv. – Artsdatabanken. Nasjonal kunsskapskilde for biologisk mangfold. http://www.artsportalen.artsdatabanken.no/#/Rodliste2010/Vurdering/Canis... (Downloaded on 20 November 2014.)

Boitani, L. 2000: Action Plan for Conservation of Wolves in Europe (Canis lupus). - Council of Europe. Nature and Environment No. 113, Brussels.

Boitani, L. & Powell, R. A. 2012: Carnivore Ecology and Conservation. A Handbook of Techniques. – Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Ekman, H. 2010: Vargen, den jagande jägaren. – Norstedts, Tukholma.

Franzen, R. 2013: Canis lupus lupus varg. – Artdatabanken, Uppsala. http://www.artfakta.se/Artfaktablad/Canis_Lupus_Lupus_100024.pdf (Downloaded on 20 November 2014.)

Hobbs, T., Andrén, H., Persson, J., Aronsson, M. & Chapron, G. 2012: Native predators reduce harvest of reindeer by Sámi pastoralists. – Ecological Applications 22: 1640–1654.

Jdeidi, T., Masseti, M., Nader, I., de Smet, K., & Cuzin, F. 2010. Canis lupus. – The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. (Downloaded on 19 November 2014.)

Kaartinen, S. 2011: Space use and habitat selection of the wolf (canis lupus) in human-altered

environment in Finland. – Acta Universitatis Ouluensis 570, Oulu.

Kojola, I., Ronkainen, S., Hakala,A., Heikkinen, S. & Kokko, S. 2004: Interactions between wolves Canis lupus and dogs C. familiaris in Finland. – Wildlife Biology 10: 101–105.

Laaksonen, M. 2013: Susi. – Maahenki, Helsinki.

Large Carnivore Initiative for Europe 2007. Canis lupus. – The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. (Downloaded on 19 November 2014.)

Mech, L. D. & Boitani, L. (eds.) 2003: Wolwes: Behavior, ecology, and conservation. – The University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

Riista- ja kalantutkimus 2014: Suden kanta-arviot. – Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Insitute, Helsinki. http://www.rktl.fi/riista/suurpedot/susi/suden_kanta_arviot/. (Downloaded on 20 November 2014.)

Sillero-Zubiri, C., Hoffmann, M. and Macdonald, D.W. (eds). 2004. Canids: Foxes, Wolves, Jackals and Dogs. – Status Survey and Conservation Action Plan. IUCN/SSC Canid Specialist Group. Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK.

Wabakken, P., Aronson, Å, Strømseth, T. H., Sand, H., Maartmann, E., Svensson, L. & Kojola, I. 2009: Ulv I Skandinavia – statusrapport for vinteren 2008–2009. – Oppdragsrapport Nr. 6, Høgskolen I Hedmark.

Links – national and international

http://www.carnivoreconservation.org/files/actionplans/canids.pdf 

http://www.carnivoreconservation.org/files/actionplans/lcie_guidelines.pdf 

http://www.lcie.org/ 

http://www.wolf.org 

http://www.artsportalen.artsdatabanken.no/#/Rodliste2010/Vurdering/Canis+lupus/34453 

http://www.artfakta.se/Artfaktablad/Canis_Lupus_Lupus_100024.pdf 

http://www.rktl.fi/riista/suurpedot/susi/suden_kanta_arviot/ 

 

Great grey owl (Strix nebulosi)

References (literature)

BirdLife International 2004: Birds in Europe. Population estimates, trends and conservation status. – BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12, BirdLife International, Cambridge.

BirdLife International 2012. Strix nebulosa. – The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. (Downloaded on 17 November 2014).

Cramp, S. (ed.) 1985: Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. IV. Terns to Woodpeckers. – Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Hagemeijer, W. J. M. & Blair, M. J. (eds.) 1997: The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds. Their Distribution and Abundance. – T & AD Poyser, London.

Huntley, B., Green, R. E., Collingham, Y. C. & Willis, S. G. 2007: A climatic atlas of European breeding birds. – Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Korpela, K. 2014: Biological Interactions in the Boreal Ecosystem under Climate Change. Are the Vole and Predator Cycles Disappearing? – Jyväskylä studies in biological and environmental science 291, University of Jyväskylä, Jyväskylä.

Koskimies, P. 2014: Suomen lintuopas. – WSOY, Helsinki.

Meltofte, H. (ed.) 2013: Arctic Biodiversity Assessment. Status and trends in Arctic biodiversity. – Conservation of Arctic Flora and Fauna, Akureyri.

Mikkola, H. 1981: Der Bartkauz. – Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei 538. A Ziemsen Verlag, Wittenberg Lutherstadt.

Ottosson, U., Ottvall, R., Elmberg, J., Green, M., Gustafsson, R., Haas, F., Holmqvist, N., Lindström, Å., Nilsson, L., Svensson, M., Svensson, S. & Tjernberg, M.2012: Fåglarna i Sverige – anta loch förekomst. – Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening, Halmstad.

Stefansson, O. 1997: Nordanskogens vagabond. Vagabond of the Northern Forest. Lappugglan (Strix nebulosa lapponica). – Ord & visor förlag, Skellefteå.

Svensson, S., Svensson, M. & Tjernberg, M. 1999: Svensk fågelatlas. – Vår Fågelvärld, suppl. Nr 31. Sveriges Ornitologiska Förening, Stockholm.

Virkkala, R., Heikkinen, R. K., Leikola, N. & Luoto, M. 2008: Projected large-scale range reductions of northern-boreal land bird species due to climate change. – Biological Conservation 141: 1343–1353.

Valkama, J., Vepsäläinen, V. & Lehikoinen, A. 2011: Suomen III Lintuatlas. – Luonnontieteellinen keskusmuseo ja ympäristöministeriö. – http://atlas3.lintuatlas.fi (viitattu 18.12.2013).

Väisänen, R. A., Lammi, E. & Koskimies, P. 1998: Muuttuva pesimälinnusto (Summary: Distribution, numbers and population changes of Finnish breeding birds). – Otava, Helsinki.

Links – national and international

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Great snipe (Gallinago media)

References (literature)

Aunins, A. 2001b. Territorial distribution, numbers and habitat selection of Great Snipe in Latvia: historical information and the current situation (1999 - 2001). – Putni daba Supplement 1: 4 - 12.

BirdLife International 2004. Birds in Europe: population estimates, trends and conservation status. Second edition. Wageningen, The Netherlands: BirdLife International. (BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12).

Cramp, S and Simmons, K.E.L. (eds). Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Oxford University Press 1983.

Devort, M. 2000. Some methodological aspects of snipes research: The contribution of long term wing collection and analysis of the Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago), the Jack Snipe (Lymnocryptes minimus) and the Great Snipe (Gallinago media) to the monitoring of their populations. - OMPO – Newsletter No 21: 5 – 24.

Devort, M. & Paloc, R. 1994. Some aspects of moult and migration of the Great Snipe. – IWRB Publication 31: 89 - 97.

Fiske, P., Kålås, J.A. & Sæther, S.A. (Manuscript). Effects of gender, age and mating success on survival in a lekking bird.

Hayman, P., Marchant, J. and Prater, T. 1986. Shorebirds. An identification guide to the waders of the world. Helm, London 1986.

Höglund, J., Kålås, J.A. & Fiske, P. 1992. The cost of secondary sexual characters in the lekking Great Snipe (Gallinago media). Behav. Ecol. Sociobiol. 30: 309-315.

Höglund, J. & Alatalo, R.V. 1995. Leks. Monographs in behaviour and ecology. Princeton Univ. Press. New Jersey.

Klaassen R.H.G., Alerstam, T., Carlsson, P, Fox, J.W. & Lindström, Å. 2011. Great flights by great snipes: long and fast non-stop migration over benign habitats. Biology Letters 7:833–835. doi:10.1098/rsbl.2011.0343

Kuresoo, A. & Luigujõe, L. 2002. National Action Plan for the Great snipe. In press, (in Estonian with English summary)

Kölzsch, A, Sæther, S.A., Gustafsson, H., Fiske, P., Höglund, J. & Kålås, J.A. 2007. Population fluctuations and regulation in great snipe: a time series analysis. Journal of Animal Ecology 76: 740-749.

Kålås, J.A. 2000. The Great Snipe: survey and monitoring methods. OMPO - Newsletter 21: 25-31.

Kålås, J.A. 2004. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the great Snipe Gallinago media. UNEP/AEWA technical Series no. 5. November 2004.

Kålås, J.A., Estafiev, A.A. & Kotchanov, S.K. 1997a. Gallinago media, Great Snipe. In: Hagemeijer, W.J.M. & Blair, M.J. (Eds) The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T & A.D. Poyser. London. p. 290.

Kålås, J.A., Fiske, P. and Höglund, J. 1997b. Food supply and breeding occurrences: the West European population of the lekking Great Snipe Gallinago media (Latham, 1787) Aves. - Journal of Biogeography 24: 213-221.

Løfaldli, L., Kålås, J.A. & Fiske, P. 1992. Habitat selection and diet of the Great snipe Gallinago media during breeding. - Ibis 134: 35-43.

Massoli-Novelli, R. 1988. Status and habitat of the Great Snipe in Ethiopia and its movements in Africa. – Third Woodcock and Snipe Workshop. Paris 14-16 Oct. 1988: 12 - 15.

Meltofte, H. 1993. Wader migration through Denmark: populations, non-breeding phenology and migration strategies. Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidsskrift 87: 1-180. (in Danish with English summary).

Links – national and international

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=2989 

http://www.arkive.org/great-snipe/gallinago-media/ 

http://www.lintukuva.fi/lajikuvat/galmed/ 

http://www.unep-aewa.org/meetings/en/tc_meetings/tc3docs/pdf/GreatSnipeAPver3.pdf 

 

Greater scaup (Aythya marila)

References (literature)

Bakken, V., Runde, O. & Tjørve, E. 2003. Norsk ringmerkingsatlas. Vol.1. Stavanger Museum, Stavanger.

Birdlife International 2004. Birds in Europe: Population estimates, trends and conservation status. Cambridge, UK.

BirdLife International 2006. European Bird Database. BirdLife International: Wageningen, The Netherland.

BirdLife International 2012. Aythya marila. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 24 January 2015.

BirdLife International 2015. Species factsheet: Aythya marila. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/01/2015. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 24/01/2015

Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. 2014. Greater Scaup (Aythya marila). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) 2014. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52912 on 24 January 2015).

Delany, S. & Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Gardarsson, A. 1979. Waterfowl populations of Lake Myvatn and recent changes in numbers and food habits. Oikos 32: 250-270.

Haldin, M. 1997. Aythya marila Scaup In: Hagemeijer, E,J.M. and Blair, M.J. (Editors). 1997. The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T & A D Poyser, London.

HELCOM 2013. Species information sheet Aythya marila. http://helcom.fi/Red%20List%20Species%20Information%20Sheet/HELCOM%20Red%20List%20Aythya%20marila.pdf

Jacobsen, O.W. & Ugelvik, M. 1994. Bergand Aythya marila. In:Gjershaug, J. O., Thingstad, P. G., Eldøy, S. & Byrkjeland, S. (red.): Norsk fugleatlas. Norsk Ornitologisk Forening, Klæbu.

Johnsgard, P. 1978. Ducks, Geese and Swans of the world. University of Nebraska, USA, Lincoln.

Madge, S. & Burn, H. 1988. Wildfowl, An identification guide to the ducks, geese and swans of the world. Christopher Helm, London.

Mineyev, J. N. 1998. Dynamics of duck numbers in the east-European Tundra. Acta Zoologica Lituanica, Ornithologia 8: 48-50.

Natura 2000. 2009. European Union Management Plan 2009-2011, Scaup Aythya marila. European Commission Technical Report – 2009 – 036.

Ottosson, U., Ottvall, R., Elmberg, J., Green, M., Gustafsson, R., Haas, F., Holmqvist, N., Lindström, Å., Nilsson, L., Svensson, M., Svensson, S. & Tjernberg, M. 2012. Fåglarna i Sverige – antal och förekomst. SOF, Halmstad.

Valkama, J., Vepsäläinen, V. & Lehikoinen, A. 2011. Suomen III Lintuatlas – Luonnontieteellinen keskusmuseo ja ympäristöministeriö. http://atlas3.lintuatlas.fi

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22680398/0 

http://www.hbw.com/species/greater-scaup-aythya-marila 

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22680398 

http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/greater-scaup-aythya-marila 

http://atlas3.lintuatlas.fi/tulokset/laji/Lapasotka 

http://www.lintukuva.fi/lajikuvat/aytmar/ 

 

Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)

References (literature)

BirdLife International 2004: Birds in Europe. Population estimates, trends and conservation status. – BirdLife Conservation Series No. 12, BirdLife International, Cambridge.

BirdLife International 2012: Falco rusticolus. – The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. (Downloaded on 18 November 2014).

Booms, T. L., Talbot, S. L., Sage, G. K., McCaffery, B. J., McCracken, K. G. & Schempf, P. F. 2011: Nest-site fidelity and dispersal of Gyrfalcons estimated by noninvasive genetic sampling. – Condor 113: 768–778.

Cade, T. J., Koskimies, P. & Nielsen, Ó. K. 1998: Falco rusticolus Gyrfalcon. – BWP Update 2(1):1–25.

Heggøy, O. & Øien, I.J. 2014. Conservation status of birds of prey and owls in Norway. – Report 1-2014, NOF/BirdLife Norway, Klæbu.

Huntley, B., Green, R. E., Collilngham, Y. C. & Willis, S. G. 2007: A climatic atlas of European breeding birds. – Lynx Edicions, Barcelona.

Johansen & Østlyngen, A. 2011: Ecology of the Gyrfalcon in Finnmark Based on Data from Two 11-year Periods 150 Years Apart. – In Watson, R., Cade, T. J., Fuller, M., Hunt, G. & Potapov, E. (eds.): Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World II: 141–160. The Peregrine Fund, Boise.

Koskimies, P. 1999: International Species Action Plan. Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus. – BirdLife International & European Commission, Brussels.

Koskimies, P. 2011: Conservation Biology of the Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus) in northern Fennoscandia. – In Watson, R., Cade, T. J., Fuller, M., Hunt, G. & Potapov, E. (eds.): Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World II: 95–123. The Peregrine Fund, Boise.

Koskimies, P. & Kohanov, V. 1998: Falco rusticolus. – In Kotiranta, H., Uotila, P., Sulkava, S. & Peltonen, S.-L. (eds.): Red Data Book of East Fennoscandia, pp. 234–236. Ministry of the Environment, Finnish Environment Institute & Botanical Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, Helsinki.

Koskimies, P. & Ollila, T. 2009: Tunturihaukan suojelun taso Suomessa (Summary: The conservation status of the Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus in Finland). – Linnut-vuosikirja 2008: 7–13. BirdLife Finland, Helsinki.

Koskimies, P. & Sulkava, S. 2011: Diet of the Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus) in northern Fennoscandia. – In Watson, R., Cade, T. J., Fuller, M., Hunt, G. & Potapov, E. (eds.): Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World II: 177–190. The Peregrine Fund, Boise.

Nielsen, Ó. K. 2011: Gyrfalcon Population and Reproduction in Relation to Rock Ptarmigan Numbers in Iceland. – In Watson, R., Cade, T. J., Fuller, M., Hunt, G. & Potapov, E. (eds.): Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World II: 21–47. The Peregrine Fund, Boise.

Potapov, E. 2011a: Gyrfalcon Diet: Spatial and Temporal Variation. – In Watson, R., Cade, T. J., Fuller, M., Hunt, G. & Potapov, E. (eds.): Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World I: 55–63. The Peregrine Fund, Boise.

Potapov, E. 2011b: Gyrfalcons in Russia: Current Status and Conservation Problems. – In Watson, R., Cade, T. J., Fuller, M., Hunt, G. & Potapov, E. (eds.): Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World II: 191–196. The Peregrine Fund, Boise.

Potapov, E. & Sale, R. 2005: The Gyrfalcon. – T & AD Poyser, London.

Watson, R., Cade, T. J., Fuller, M., Hunt, G. & Potapov, E. (eds.): Gyrfalcons and Ptarmigan in a Changing World. I–II – The Peregrine Fund, Boise.

Links – national and international

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22696500 

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/22696500/0 

http://www.artfakta.se/GetSpecies.aspx?SearchType=Advanced 

http://www.artfakta.se/Artfaktablad/Falco_Rusticolus_100055.pdf 

http://www.artsportalen.artsdatabanken.no/#/Rodliste2010/Vurdering/Falco+rusticolus/34382

 

Horned lark (Eremophila alpestris)

References (literature)

Birds. The Red Book of the Russian Federation. Animals. M., 2001. s.365-598

Gilyazov AS, VD Kokhanov Horned lark // The Red Book of the Murmansk region. Kemerovo, 2014. p. 553-554

The Red Book of the Arkhangelsk region. Arkhangelsk, 2008. 351 p.

The Red Book of the Republic of Karelia. Petrozavodsk, 2007. 364 p.

The 2010 Red List of Swedish Species - Rӧdlistade arter i Sverige.Ulf. Gärdenfors ed.Uppsala, 2010. 590 pp.

The 2010 Norwegian Red List for Species - Norsk rødliste for arter 2010 / Ed. by J.A. Kålås, Å.Viken, S. Henriksen, S. Skjelseth. Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre, Norway. Trondheim, Artsdatabanken, 2010. 480 pp.

The 2010 Red List of Finnish Species / Ed. by P. Rassi, E. Hyvärinen, A. Juslén, I. Mannerkoski. Helsinki: Ministry of the Environment, Finnish Environment Institute, 2010. 685 pp.

Links – national and international

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2012

http://www.iucnredlist.org/search?page=239

 

Ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea)

References (literature)

Blomqvist S., Elander M. Sabine's Gull (Xema sabinii), Ross' Gull (Rhodostethia rosea), and Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea) in the Arctic - a review. - Arctic. 1981. Vol. 34. P. 122-132.

Braune BM, Mallory ML, Gilchrist HG. 2006. Elevated mercury levels in a declining population of ivory gulls in the Canadian Arctic. Mar Pollut Bull 52:978-982.

Braune BM, Mallory ML, Grant Gilchrist H, Letcher RJ, Drouillard KG. 2007. Levels and trends of organochlorines and brominated flame retardants in Ivory Gull eggs from the Canadian Arctic, 1976 to 2004. Sci Total Environ 378:403-417

Campbell, L. M., R. J. Norstrom, K. A. Hobson, D. C. G. Muir, S. Backus, and A. T. Fisk. 2005. Mercury and other trace elements in a pelagic Arctic marine food web (Northwater Polynya, Baffin Bay) Science of the Total Environment 351:247-263.

Divoky G.J. The pelagic feeding habits of Ivory and Ross's gulls // Condor. 1976. N 3, Iss. 78. P. 229-243

Gavrilo M.V. Peculiarities of nesting in ivory gulls depending on environmental conditions: problems of estimating population numbers and its dynamics // Theoretical problems of coloniality in birds. / Lebedeva N.V. (Ed.). Rostov-on-Don: Southern Scientific Center of RAS. 2012. P. 139–149 (In Russian)

Gavrilo M.V. The breeding habitats of the Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea in the Russian Arctic Collection of papers of the Menzbier Ornithological Society Vol. I. Materials of the XIII International Ornithological Conference of Northern Eurasia, P. 273 – 287 (In Russian)

Gavrilo M.V., Strøm H., Volkov A.E. Population status of Ivory Gull populations in Svalbard and Western Russian Arctic: first results of joint Russian-Norwegian research project // Complex investigations of Spitzbergen nature. Iss. 7. Apatity: Publ. KSC RAS, 2007. P. 220 - 234 (in Russian with extended English summary pp. 231 - 234).

Gavrilo MV (2009) Breeding distribution of the ivory gull in Russian Arctic: difficulties when studying range of a rare and sporadically breeding high arctic species (In Russian). Problemy Arktiki and Antarktiki: 83 (3) Pp.127 - 151 (In Russian)

Gavrilo, M. 2007 Russian ice refuge for ivory gulls. WWF Arctic Bulletin. Issue 2. Pp. 15–16.

Gavrilo, M.V. & Strøm, H. 2004. The ivory gull populations in the Russian and Norwegian Arctic: call for joint effort to evaluate current status. Complex investigations of Spitzbergen nature. Iss. 4. Apatity: Publ. KSC. RAS. Pp. 240 – 247. (In Russian with English summary)

Gavrilo, M.V. 2011a. Ivory gull Pagophila eburnea (Phipps, 1774) in the Russian Arctic: Breeding patterns of species within the current species range optimum. PhD Thesis. Saint Petersburg, Russia. (in Russian).

Gilchrist G., Strom H., Gavrilo M., Mosbech A. International Ivory Gull conservation strategy and action plan. CAFFs Circumpolar Seabird Group. CAFF Technical report No 18. September 2008. 20 pp.

Gilg O, Boertmann D, Merkel F, Aebischer A, Sabard B. 2009. Status of the endangered ivory gull, Pagophila eburnea, in Greenland. Polar Biol 32: 1275–1286 (DOI 10.1007/s00300-009-0623-4)

Gilg O, Strøm H, Aebischer A, Gavrilo MV, Volkov AE, Miljeteig C, Sabard B. 2010. Post-breeding movements of northeast Atlantic ivory gull Pagophila eburnea populations. J Avian Biol 41:532-542.

Grant Gilchrist H, Mallory ML. 2005. Declines in abundance and distribution of the ivory gull (Pagophila eburnea) in Arctic Canada. Biol Cons 121:303-309.

Karnovsky N.K., Hobson K.A., Brown Z.W., Hunt G.L., Jr. 2009 Distribution and Diet of Ivory Gulls (Pagophila eburnea) in the North Water Polynya. ARCTIC. V. 62, No. 1 (MARCH 2009) Pp. 65–74

Lucia M., Verboven N., Strøm H., Miljeteig C., Gavrilo M.V., Braune B.M., Boertmann D., Gabrielsen G.W. 2015 Circumpolar contamination in eggs of the high-Arctic ivory gull Pagophila eburnea // Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry. 02/2015; DOI: 10.1002/etc.2935 / http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25677940

Mallory M.L., I.J. Stenhouse, Gilchrist G., Robertson G., Haney J. C., Macdonald S.D. 2008. Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea), The Birds of North America, Online (A. Poole, Ed.). Ithaca: Cornell Lab of Ornithology; Retrieved from the Birds of North America Online: http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/175 [2]

Miljeteig C, Strøm H, Gavrilo MV, Volkov A, Jenssen BM, Gabrielsen GW. 2009. High levels of contaminants in ivory gull Pagophila eburnea eggs from the Russian and Norwegian Arctic. Environ Sci Technol 43:5521-5528.Strøm, H. 2007. Ismåka – en arktisk klimaflyktning. Vår Fuglefauna 30 (3): 108-114. (In Norwegian with English summary).

Miljeteig C., Gabrielsen G.W., Strom H., Gavrilo M., Lie E., Jenssen B.M., Eggshell thinning and decreased concentrations of vitamin E are associated with contaminants in eggs of ivory gulls, Science of the Total Environment, 2012, vol. 431, Pp. 92–99. doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.05.018

Moline M.A., Karnovsky N.J., Brown Z., Divoky G.J., Frazer T.K., Joseph C.A., Torres J., Fraser W.R. 2008 High Latitude Changes in Ice Dynamics and Their Impact on Polar Marine Ecosystems. - Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. 1134: 267–319

Spencer N., Gilchrist G., Mallory M. Annual movement patterns of endangered ivory gulls: the importance of sea ice // PLoS One. 2014; 9(12): e115231. Published online 2014 Dec 31. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0115231

Strøm, H. 2006. Ivory gull. Pp. 151-154 In: Birds and Mammals of Svalbard (K.M. Kovacs & Christian Lydersen, ed.). Polarhåndbok No. 13, Norwegian Polar Institute.

Tomkovich, P.S. 1986 Data on biology of Ivory Gull at Graham Bell Island (Franz Josef Land). Pp. 34-49 in: Il'ichev V.D. (ed.) Aktualnye problemy ornitologii (Actual problems of ornithology). Nauka, Moscow, 34-49. (In Russian)

Volkov A.E. Ivory Gull. Red Data Book of Russian federation. 2001. Moscow.

Volkov A.E., J. de Korte 2000: Breeding ecology of the Ivory Gull (Pagophila eburnea) in Sedov Archipelago, Severnaya Zemlya. Pp. 483 – 500 in Ebbinge B.S., Mazourov Yu.L. and Tomkovich P.S. (eds.): Heritage of the Russian Arctic. Research, conservation and international cooperation. Moscow, Ecopros Publishers.

Yannic G., Adrian Aebischer, Brigitte Sabard, Olivier Gilg Complete breeding failures in ivory gull following unusual rainystorms in North Greenland Polar Research 2014, 33, 22749, http://dx.doi.org/10.3402/polar.v33.22749

Links – national and international

http://ivorygull.npolar.no/ivorygull/en

Satellite tracking of ivory gulls from Greenland

Ivory gull description in "Birds and Mammals of Svalbard"

 

 

Long-tailed duck (Clangula hyemalis)

References (literature)

AEWA 2015. First Steps Taken Towards an AEWA International Single Species Action Plan for the Globally Threatened Long-tailed Duck. http://www.unep-aewa.org/en/news/first-steps-taken-towards-aewa-international-single-species-action-plan-globally-threatened

BirdLife International 2012. Clangula hyemalis. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2012: e.T22680427A40153874. http://dx.doi.org/10.2305/IUCN.UK.2012-1.RLTS.T22680427A40153874.en . Downloaded on 14 November 2015.

BirdLife International 2015. Species factsheet: Clangula hyemalis. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 12/11/2015.

Boertmann, D. 2008. Grønlands Rødliste 2007. – Grønlands Hjemmestyre og Danmarks Miljøundersøgelser, 152 p.

Båtvik, J.I.I. 1994. Havelle Clangula hyemalis. In:Gjershaug, J. O., Thingstad, P. G., Eldøy, S. & Byrkjeland, S. (red.): Norsk fugleatlas. Norsk Ornitologisk Forening, Klæbu.

Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. 2015. Long-tailed Duck (Clangula hyemalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) (2015). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52919 on 12 November 2015).

Delany, S. & Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Guðmundsson, G.A. 1998. Þýðins votlendis fyrir fugla. Í Jón S. Ólafsson, ritstj. Íslensk votlendi: verndun og nýting, bls. 167-172.

HELCOM 2013. Species information sheet Clangula hyemalis. http://helcom.fi/Red%20List%20Species%20Information%20Sheet/HELCOM%20Red%20List%20Clangula%20hyemalis.pdf

Hearn, R., Harrison, A. & Cranswick, P.A. in prep. International Single Species Action Plan for the Conservation of the Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis 2016–2025. AEWA Technical Series. http://www.unep-aewa.org/sites/default/files/document/mop6_27_draft_issap_ltd.pdf

Krivenko V.G, Vinogradov V.G. 2008. Birds of the Water Environment and Rhythms of Climate of the Northern Eurasia. Moscow: 588 pp. (in Russian).

Kovacs, K.M. & Lydersen, C. 2006. Svalbards fugler og pattedyr. Norsk Polarinstitutt.

Madge, S. & Burn, H. 1988. Wildfowl, An identification guide to the ducks, geese and swans of the world. Christopher Helm, London.

Ottosson, U., Ottvall, R., Elmberg, J., Green, M., Gustafsson, R., Haas, F., Holmqvist, N., Lindström, Å., Nilsson, L., Svensson, M., Svensson, S. & Tjernberg, M. 2012. Fåglarna i Sverige – antal och förekomst. SOF, Halmstad.

Shimmings, P. & Aarvak, T. 2015. Havella er Årets fugl! Vår fuglefauna 38 (2015): 10-17.

Shimmings, P. & Øien, I.J. 2015. Bestandsestimater og trender for norske hekkefugler. NOF-rapport 2015-2.

Skov, H., Heinänen, S., Žydelis, R., Bellebaum, J., Bzoma, S., Dagys, M., Durinck, J., Garthe, S., Grishanov, G., Hario, M., Kieckbusch, J.J., Kube, J., Kuresoo, A., Larsson, K., Luigujoe, L., Meissner, W., Nehls, H.W., Nilsson, L., Petersen, I.K., Roos, M.M., Pihl, S., Sonntag, N., Stock, A., Stipniece, A. and Wahl, J. 2011. Waterbird Populations and Pressures in the Baltic Sea. Nordic Council of Ministers, Copenhagen.

Snow, D.W. and Perrins, C.M. 1998. The Birds of the Western Palearctic, Volume 1: Non-Passerines. Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Valkama, J., Vepsäläinen, V. & Lehikoinen, A. 2011. Suomen III Lintuatlas – Luonnontieteellinen keskusmuseo ja ympäristöministeriö. http://atlas3.lintuatlas.fi

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22680427/0 

http://www.hbw.com/species/long-tailed-duck-clangula-hyemalis 

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22680427 

http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/long-tailed-duck-clangula-hyemalis 

http://atlas3.lintuatlas.fi/tulokset/laji/alli 

http://www.lintukuva.fi/lajikuvat/clahye/ 

http://www.birdlife.no/fuglekunnskap/fugleatlas/pdf/havelle.pdf 

 

Osprey (Pandion haliaetus)

References (literature)

Cramp, S. (ed.). Handbook of the Birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa. The Birds of the Western Palearctic. Vol. II. – Oxford University Press, Oxford.

Hagemeijer, E. J. M. & Ward, M. J. (eds.) 1997: The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. – T & AD Poyser, London.

Kotiranta, H., Uotila, P., Sulkava, S. & Peltonen, S.-L. (eds.) 1998: Red Data Book of East Fennoscandia. – Ministry of the Environment, Finnish Environment Institute & Botanical Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, Helsinki.

Kålås, J.A., Viken, Å., Henriksen, S. og Skjelseth, S. (red.). 2010. Norsk rødliste for arter 2010. Artsdatabanken, Norge.

Noskov, G. A. (ed.) 2002: Red data book of nature of the Leningrad Region. Vol. 3 – Animals. – World & Family, St. Petersburg.

Rassi, P., Hyvärinen, E., Juslén, A. & Mannerkoski, I. (eds.) 2010: The 2010 Red List of Finnish Species. Ympäristöministeriö & Suomen ympäristökeskus, Helsinki.

Sandström, J., Bjelke, U., Carlberg, T. & Sundberg, S. 2015. Tillstånd och trender för arter och

deras livsmiljöer – rödlistade arter i Sverige 2015. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 17.

ArtDatabanken, SLU. Uppsala

Saurola, P., Kohanov, V. & Zimin, V. 1998: Pandion haliaetus. – In: Kotiranta, H., Uotila, P., Sulkava, S. & Peltonen, S.-L. (eds.) 1998: Red Data Book of East Fennoscandia, pp. 232–234.. – Ministry of the Environment, Finnish Environment Institute & Botanical Museum, Finnish Museum of Natural History, Helsinki.

Schmidt-Rothmund, D., Dennis, R. & Saurola, P. 2014: The Osprey in the Western Palearctic: Breeding population size and trends in the early 21st century. – Journal of Raptor Research 48: 375–386.

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/22694938/0 

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22694938  

http://artfakta.artdatabanken.se/Taxon/100096 

 

Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)

References (literature)

Baskin LM Reindeer (controlling the behavior and populations. Reindeer herding, hunting). M. Association scientific journals KMC. 2009 283s.

Danilov PI Woodland caribou // Red Book of Karelia. Petrozavodsk, 2007, pp 180-181.

Efimov VA Reindeer of the European North of Russia: the state of the populations and the conservation of game // Herald, №2. - M., 2010.- pp 178-182.

Korepanov VI Novaya Zemlya reindeer // The Red Book of the Arkhangelsk region. Arkhangelsk, 2008. pp 331-332.

Korolev AN Wild reindeer (Rangifer tarandus L., 1758) in the Republic of Komi. Current status and conservation problems for the group // Mater. soveshch. Methods for assessing vulnerability of the species ... - Syktyvkar, 2014. - S. 11

Makarova OA Reindeer // European Red Book of the Murmansk region. Edition 2, ext. Kemerovo, 2014. pp 568-569.

Panchenko DV Mammals (Artiodactyla) in Karelia and the Kola Peninsula ... / Author. diss ... kand.biol.nauk. Petrozavodsk, 2010. 23 pp.

Petrov AN Wild reindeer // The Red Book of the Nenets Autonomous District. Naryan-Mar, 2006. S.364-366

Khakhin GV Reindeer (New subspecies) // The Red Book of the Russian Federation. Animals. M., 2001, pp 707-709.

Heikura K., Danilov P., Makarova O. Rangifer tarandus fennicus // Red Data book of East Fennoscandia. Helsinki, 1998. Pp. 200-203.

The 2010 Red List of Swedish Species - Rӧdlistade arter i Sverig / Ulf. Gärdenfors ed. Uppsala, 2010. 590 pp.

The 2010 Norwegian Red List for Species - Norsk rødliste for arter 2010 / Ed. by J.A. Kålås, Å.Viken, S. Henriksen, S. Skjelseth. Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre, Norway. Trondheim, Artsdatabanken, 2010. 480 pp.

The 2010 Red List of Finnish Species / Ed. by P. Rassi, E. Hyvärinen, A. Juslén, I. Mannerkoski. Helsinki: Ministry of the Environment, Finnish Environment Institute, 2010. 685 pp.

Links – national and international

IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2012.

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/100600487/0 

http:/ib.komisc.ru/add/conf/iucn/wp-content/uploads/Theses-of-reports _rus.pdf 08.12.2014

 

Smew (Mergellus albellus)

References (literature)

BiankiV.V., GilyazovA.S. Smew // The Red Book of the Murmansk region. Ed. 2nd. Kemerovo: "Asia-print", 2014. P. 532-533.

The Red Book of the Arkhangelsk region. Arkhangelsk, 1995. 330 pp.

Sazonov S.V. Smew // The Red Book of the Republic of Karelia. Petrozavodsk, 2007. P. 195-196.

Rødlistadearter i Sverige. Uppsala, 2010. P. 312-315.

The 2010 Norwegian Red List for Species - Norskrødliste for arter 2010 / Ed. by J.A. Kålås, Å.Viken, S.Henriksen, S. Skjelseth. Norwegian Biodiversity Information Centre, Norway. Trondheim, Artsdatabanken, 2010. 480 pp.

The 2010 Red List of Finnish Species / Ed. by P. Rassi, E. Hyvärinen, A. Juslén, I. Mannerkoski. Helsinki: Ministry of the Environment, Finnish Environment Institute, 2010. 685 pp.

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/100600487/0 

 

Snowy owl (Bubo scandiacus)

References (literature)

Bannermann, D.A. 1957. The birds of the British Isles. Vol 6. Oliver & Boyd.

BirdLife International 2013. Species factsheet: Bubo scandiaca. Downloaded from www.birdlife.org on 08/05/2013.

Bortolotti, G., Stoffel, M.J. & Galván, I. 2011. Wintering Snowy Owls Bubo scandiacus integrate plumage colour, behaviour and their environment to maximize efficacy of visual displays. Ibis 153:134-142.

Cramp, S. (ed.) 1985. Handbook of the birds of Europe, the Middle East and North Africa.Vol. 4.- Oxford Univ. Press. Oxford.

Dementiev, G.P. & N.A. Gladkov. 1951. Birds of the Soviet Union. Vol.1. Moscow.

Glutz von Blotzheim, U.N. & K.M. Bauer. 1980. Handbuch der Vögel Mitteleuropas, Vol. 9. Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, Wiesbaden.

Haftorn, S. 1971. Norges Fugler. Universitetsforlaget, Oslo, 862 pp.

Hagen, Y. 1952. Rovfuglene og viltpleien. Gyldendal, Oslo, 622 pp.

Hagen, Y. 1960. Snøugla på Hardanger­vidda sommeren 1959. Medd. Statens Viltundersøk.2. serie, nr.7. 25s.

Jacobsen, K.-O. 2005. Snøugle (Bubo scandiacus) i Norge. Hekkeforekomster i perioden 1968-2005. NINA rapport 84. 35 s.

Jacobsen, K.-O., Øien, I.J. Solheim, R., & Aarvak, T. 2014. Kunnskapsstatus og trusselfaktorer for snøugle Bubo scandiacus i Norge - NINA Rapport 727. 69 s.

Kerlinger, P., M.R. Lein, and B.J. Sevick. 1985. Distribution and population fluctuations of wintering Snowy Owls (Nyctea scandiaca) in North America. Canadian Journal of Zoology 63:1829–1834.

Marthinsen, G., Wennerberg, L., Solheim, R. & Lifjeld, J. T. 2008. No phylogeographic structure in the circumpolar snowy owls (Bubo scandiacus). Conserv.Genet. 10:923-933.

Menyushina, I.E. 2007. Snowy Owl (Nyctea scandiaca) reproduction in relation to lemming population cycles on Wrangel Island. In: Duncan, J.R., Johnson, D.H. and Nichols, T.H. (eds.), Biology and conservation of owls of the Northern Hemisphere, Second International Symposium. USDA Forest Serv. Gen. Tech. Rept. NC-190: 572, 582

Nagell, B. & I. Frycklund. 1965. Their irruption of the snowy owl (Nyctea scandiaca) in Scandinavia in the winters of 1960-1963 and notes on its behaviour. Vår Fågelvärld 24:26-55.

Parmelee, D.F. 1992. Snowy Owl.Pages 1-20 in A. Poole, Stettenheim, P. & Gill, F. editors. The Birds of North America.The American Ornithologists' Union, Washington, DC.

Parmelee, D.F., Stephens, H.A. & Schmidt, R.H. 1967. The birds of southeastern Victoria Island and adjacent small islands. Natl. Mus. Canada Bull. 222:1-229.

Portenko, L.A. 1972. Die Schnee-eule.Die Neue Brehm-Bücherei, 232 pp.

Potapov, E. & Sale, R. 2012. The Snowy Owl. T & AD Poyser. London. 304 pp.

Rich, T.D., C.J. Beardmore, H. Berlanga, P.J. Blancher, M.S.W. Bradstreet, G.S. Butcher, D.W. Demarest, E.H. Dunn, W.C. Hunter, E.E. Iñigo-Elias, J.A. Kennedy, A.M. Martell, A.O. Panjabi, D.N. Pashley, K.V. Rosenberg, C.M. Rustay, J.S. Wendt, T.C. Will. 2004. Partners in Flight North American Landbird Conservation Plan. Cornell Lab of Ornithology. Ithaca, NY. Partners in Flight website. http://www.partnersinflight.org/cont_plan/ (VERSION: March 2005).

Robinson, M. & Becker, C.D. 1986. Snowy Owls on Fetlar. British Birds 79:228-242.

Schaanning, H. T. L. 1907. Østfinmarkens fuglefauna. Bergens Mus. Arb. 8:1-98.

Schenker, A. 1978. Höchsalter europaischer Vögel im Zoologischen Garten Basel.Ornithol.Beob. 75: 96-97.

Solheim, R. 2012: Wing feather moult and age determination of Snowy Owls Bubo scandiacus. –Ornis Norvegiga 35: 48-67

Stishov, M.S, Pridatko, V.I. & Baranyuk. V.V. 1991. Ptici ostrova Wrangel [Birds of Wrangel Island]. Academy of Science, Siberian Branch, Biological Institute, Novosibirsk. 254 pp. [In Russian].

Therrien, J.-F., Gauthier,G. & Bêty, J. 2011. An avian terrestrial predator of the Arctic relies on the marine ecosystem during winter. J. Avian Biol. 42:363-369.

Tulloch, R. 1968. Snowy owls breeding in Shetland in 1967. British Birds 61:119-132

Wasenius, E. 1930. Ägg av fjälluggla och bergus. Ornis Fennica 7:47-49.

Watson, A. 1957. The behaviour, breeding and food ecology of the Snowy Owl, Nyctea scandiaca. Ibis 99:419-462.

Links – national and international

http://www.snowyowl.no/ 

http://www2.artsdatabanken.no/faktaark/Faktaark163.pdf 

http://www.artfakta.se/GetSpecies.aspx?SearchType=Advanced 

http://atlas3.lintuatlas.fi/results/species/snowy%20owl 

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=2236 

http://www.arkive.org/snowy-owl/bubo-scandiaca/#src=portletV3api 

http://bna.birds.cornell.edu/bna/species/010/articles/introduction

 

Steller's eider (Polysticta stelleri)

References (literature)

Aarvak, T., Øien, I.J., Krasnov, J.V, Gavrilo, M.V. and Shavykin, A.A. 2012. The European wintering population of Steller’s Eider Polysticta stelleri reassessed. Biol. Cons. Int. 1-7.

BirdLife International 2013. Polysticta stelleri. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.2. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 09 November 2014.

Bustnes, J. O. 1997. Case histories of oil spills in Norway in relation to Steller’s Eider. P. 45 inProceedings from Steller’s Eider workshop. Wetlands Int. Seaduck Specialist Group Bull. N 7.

Bustnes, J.O. and Systad, G.H. 2001. Habitat use of Stellers eiders - Ardea 89

del Hoyo, J., Elliot, A. and Sargatal, J. 1992. Handbook of the Birds of the World, vol. 1: Ostrich to Ducks. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona, Spain.

Frederickson, L.H. 2001. Steller’s Eider (Polysticta stelleri). In: A. Poole and F. Gill (eds), The Birds of North America, pp. 24. The Birds of North America, Inc, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Gavrilo M., Bakken V., Firsova L., Kaliakin V., Morozov V., Pokrovskaya I., Isaksen K. 1998. Oil vulnerability assessment for marine birds occurring along the Northern Sea Route area. - INSROP Working Paper No 97 - 1998, II-4-2, 50pp. Oslo: The Fridtjof Nansen Institute.

Grand, J. B., P. L. Flint, M. R. Petersen and C. L. Moran. 1998. Effect of lead poisoning on Spectacled Eider survival rates. J. Wildl. Manage. 62: 1103–1109.

Hario, M. 1997a.Status of the Steller’s Eider in Finland. Pp. 13–15 inProceedings from Steller’s Eider workshop. Wetlands Int. Seaduck Specialist Group Bull. no. 7.

Johnsgard, P. A. 1978. Ducks, geese and swans of the World. University of Nebraska Press, Lincoln and London.

Kear, J. 2005. Ducks, geese and swans volume 2: species accounts (Cairina to Mergus). Oxford University Press, Oxford, U.K.

Краснов Ю.В., Стрём Х., Гаврило М.В., Шавыкин А.А. 2004 Зимовка морских птиц в полыньях у Терского берега Белого моря и на Восточном Мурмане // Орнитология. Вып. 31. С. 51–57 (Krasnov, Yu.V., Strom, H., Gavrilo, M.V. & Shavykin, A.A. 2004 Seabirds wintering in polynyas along Terskiy coast of the White Sea and along East Murman coast. – Ornitologiya, Moscow, Vol. 31. Pp. 51–57 (in Russian with English summary)

Краснов Ю.В., Гаврило М.В., Стрём Х., Горяев Ю.И. 2005 Водоплавающие птицы Терского берега Белого моря - Гусеобразные птицы Северной Евразии: Тезисы докладов Третьего международного симпозиума (6 – 10 октября 2005 г., Санкт-Петербург, Россия). - СПб: Картфабрика ВСЕГЕИ, с. 166–168 [Krasnov, Yu.V., Gavrilo, M.V., Strom, H., Goryaev Yu.I. 2005 Waterfowl of the Tersky Coast, White Sea. Waterfowl of Northern Eurasia. Third International Symposium. Abstracts. Saint-Petersburg, 2005. Pp. 166-168 (In Russia)

Краснов Ю.В., Гаврило М.В., Стрём Х., Шавыкин А.А. 2006 Численность и распределение птиц на прибрежных акваториях Кольского полуострова по данным авианаблюдений в позднелетний период 2003 года // Орнитология. Вып. 33. С. 125 – 137 [Krasnov, Yu.V., Gavrilo, M.V., Strom, H., & Shavykin, A.A. 2006 Numbers and distribution of birds in coastal waters of Kola Peninsula according to aerial survey data during late summer, 2003. Ornitologiya, 33: 125 – 137 (in Russian with English summary)]

Larned, W.W. 2006. Winter distribution and abundance of Stellers eiders in Alaska

Larned, W. W. 2012. Steller’s eider spring migration surveys, Southwest Alaska, 2011. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Report, Anchorage, Alaska.

Laubhan, M.K. and Metzner, K.A. 1999. Distribution and diurnal behavior of Steller's eiders wintering on the Alaska Peninsula. Condor 101(3): 694-698.

Morse, S. 2009. A challenging future for the Steller's Eider. Endangered Species Bulletin 34(3): 22-23.

OSPAR Commission 2009. Background Document for Steller’s Eider Polysticta stelleri. Biodiversity Series

Petersen, M. R. 1981. Populations, feeding ecology and molt of Steller's Eider. Condor 83: 256-262.

Petersen, M. R., Bustnes, J. O, and Systad, G. H. 2006. Breeding and moulting locations and migration patterns of the Atlantic population of Steller‘s eiders Polysticta stelleri as determined from satellite telemetry. J. Avian Biol. 37. P. 58–68

Pihl, S. 1997a. Overview of the hunting legislation, legal and illegal hunting of the Steller’s Eider. Pp. 40–41 inProceedings from Steller’s Eider workshop. Wetlands Int. Seaduck Specialist Group Bull. N. 7.

Pihl, S. 1997b International Action Plan Polysticta stelleri

Safine, D. E. 2011. Breeding ecology of Steller’s and spectacled eiders nesting near Barrow, Alaska, 2008-2010. United States Fish and Wildlife Service Technical Report, Fairbanks, Alaska.

Scott, D. A.; Rose, P. M. 1996. Atlas of Anatidae populations in Africa and western Eurasia. Wetlands International, Wageningen, Netherlands.

Solomonov, N. G. 1987. Red book of the Yakutsk Auton-omous Republic. Nauka Publ., Novosibirsk, USSR.U.S.

Solovieva, D. 1997b.Timing habitat use and breeding biology of Steller’s Eider in the Lena Delta, Russia. Pp. 35–39 inProceedings from Steller’s Eider workshop. Wetlands Int. Seaduck Specialist Group Bull. no. 7.

Svazas, S. 1997. Steller’s Eider wintering in Lithuania: numbers, distribution and behavior. Pp. 16–18 inProceedings from Steller’s Eider workshop. Wetlands Int. Seaduck Specialist Group Bull. no. 7.

Fish and Wildlife Service. 2002. Steller’s Eider Recovery Plan [4]. Fairbanks, Alaska.

Zydelis, R.; Lorentsen, S-H.; Fox, A.D.; Kuresoo, A.; Krasnov, Y.; Goryaev, Y.; Bustnes, J.O.; Hario, M.; Nilsson, L.; Stipniece, A. 2006. Recent changes in the status of Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri wintering in Europe: a decline or redistribution? Bird Conservation International 16(3): 217-236.

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/22680415/0  [2]

http://qsr2010.ospar.org/media/assessments/Species/P00411_Stellers_eider.pdf  [5]

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/speciesfactsheet.php?id=487  [3]

http://www.biologicaldiversity.org/species/birds/Stellers_eider/  [6]

http://www.adfg.alaska.gov/index.cfm?adfg=stellerseider.main  [4] 

http://ec.europa.eu/environment/nature/conservation/wildbirds/action_plans/docs/polysticta_stelleri.pdf 

http://seaduckjv.org/infoseries/stei_sppfactsheet.pdf  [7]

 

Velvet scoter (Melanitta fusca)

References (literature)

Bustnes, J.O. & Bianki, V.V. 2000. In: Anker-Nilssen, T., Bakken, V., Strøm, H., Golovkin, A.N., Bianki, V.V., Tatarinkova, I.P. 2000. The Status of marine birds breeding in the Barents Sea region. Rapport 113. Norsk Polarinstitutt, Tromsø.

BirdLife International 2013. Melanitta fusca. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 25 January 2015.

BirdLife International 2015. Species factsheet: Melanitta fusca. Downloaded from http://www.birdlife.org on 01/02/2015.

Båtvik, J.I.I. 1994. Sjøorre Melanitta fusca. In:Gjershaug, J. O., Thingstad, P. G., Eldøy, S. & Byrkjeland, S. (red.): Norsk fugleatlas. Norsk Ornitologisk Forening, Klæbu.

Carboneras, C. & Kirwan, G.M. 2014. Velvet Scoter (Melanitta fusca). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.) 2014. Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from http://www.hbw.com/node/52922 on 24 January 2015).

Cramp S. & Simmons K.E.L. 1977. The Birds of the Western Palearctic Volume I. Oxford University Press, Oxford, New York.

Delany, S. & Scott, D. 2006. Waterbird population estimates. Wetlands International, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Berndt, R.K. & Hario, M. 1997. Melanitta fusca Velvet Scoter In: Hagemeijer, E,J.M. and Blair, M.J. (Editors). 1997. The EBCC Atlas of European Breeding Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T & A D Poyser, London.

HELCOM 2013. Species information sheet Melanitta fusca. http://helcom.fi/Red%20List%20Species%20Information%20Sheet/HELCOM%20Red%20List%20Melanitta%20fusca.pdf

Lorentsen, S.H. & Nygård, T. 2001. Det nasjonale overvåkingsprogrammet for sjøfugl. Resultater fra overvåkingen av overvintrende sjøfugl fram til 2000. NINA Oppdragsmelding 717:1-62.

Madge, S. & Burn, H. 1988. Wildfowl, An identification guide to the ducks, geese and swans of the world. Christopher Helm, London.

Melville, D.S. & Shortridge, K.F. 2006. Migratory waterbirds and avian influenza in the East Asian-Australasian Flyway with particular reference to the 2003-2004 H5N1 outbreak. In: Boere, G.; Galbraith, C., Stroud, D. (ed.), Waterbirds around the world, pp. 432-438. The Stationary Office, Edinburgh, UK.

Natura 2000. 2007. European Union Management Plan for Velvet Scoter (Melanitta fusca) 2007-2009. European Commission Technical Report – 2007 – 008.

Nordström, M., Högmander, J., Nummelin, J., Laine, J., Laanetu, N., Korpimäki, E. 2002. Variable responses of waterfowl breeding populations to long-term removal of introduced American mink. Ecography 25: 385-394.

Nygård, T. 1994. Det nasjonale overvåkingsprogrammet for overvintrende vannfugl 1980-93. NINA Oppdragsmelding 313:1-84.

Ottosson, U., Ottvall, R., Elmberg, J., Green, M., Gustafsson, R., Haas, F., Holmqvist, N., Lindström, Å., Nilsson, L., Svensson, M., Svensson, S. & Tjernberg, M. 2012. Fåglarna i Sverige – antal och förekomst. SOF, Halmstad.

Stempniewicz, L. & Meissner, W. 1999.Assessment of the zoobenthos biomass consumed yearly by diving ducks wintering in the Gulf of Gdańsk (southern Baltic Sea). Ornis Svecica 9: 143-154.

Väisänen, R.A., Lammi, E. & Koskimies, P. 1998. Muuttuva pesimälinnusto. Otava. (The second Finnish Bird Atlas Survey).

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/22724836/0 

http://www.hbw.com/species/velvet-scoter-melanitta-fusca 

http://ibc.lynxeds.com/species/white-winged-scoter-melanitta-fusca 

http://www.birdlife.org/datazone/species/factsheet/22724836 

http://www.lintukuva.fi/lajikuvat/melfus/

 

Walrus (Odobenus rosmarus)

References (literature)

Belikov, S.E. С.Е. 2011. Marine mammals of the Russian Arctic: changes in abundance and habitat under the influence of anthropogenic and natural factors. Terrestrial and marine ecosystems. ООО «Paulsen», Moscow – St.Petersburg. Pp. 211—256. In Russian.

Born, E.W., Gjertz, I. and R.R. Reeves. 1995. Population Assessment of Atlantic Walrus. Meddelelser Nr.138. Oslo. 100 pp.

Born, E.W., Rysgaard, S., Ehlme, G., Sejr, M., Acquarone, M. and N. Levermann. 2003. Underwater observations of foraging free-living Atlantic walruses (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) and estimates of their food consumption. Polar Biology, 26. Pp. 348-357.

Сhernook, V.I., Lydersen, C., Glasov, D.M., Trukhanova, I.S., Kovacs, K.M. 2011. Aerial survey of the Atlantic walruses (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) in the Pechora Sea, August 2011. Marine Mammals of Holarctic. Collection of scientific papers. After the Seventh International Conferenc, Suzdal, Russia, September 24-28, 2012 Moscow. Pp. 722-725.

Gavrilo, M,V. 2010. On the modern distribution of Atlantic walrus (Odobenus rosmarus rosmarus) in the nothern Kara-Barents Sea region. Marine Mammals of Holarctic. Collection of scientific papers. After the Sixth International Conferenc, Kaliningrad, Russia, October 11-15, 2010. Kaliningrad. Pp. 125-129.

Geptner V. G., Chapski K.K., Arsenyev V.A., Sokolov V.E. (ed.). 1976. Mammals of Soviet Union. Vol.2. Part 3. M.: Vysshaya shkola, 717 pp. In Russian.

Gjertz, I. and ø. Wiig. 1995. Distribution and abundance of walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) in Svalbard. Whales, seals, fish and man. Pp. 203-209.

Gjertz, I, Wiig, O and N.A. Oritsland. 1998. Backcalculation of original population size for walruses Odobenus rosmarus in Franz Josef Land. Wild. Biol. 4. Pp, 223-230.

Kovacs, K.M., Gjertz, I. and C. Lydersen. Marine mammals of Svalbard. Norwegian Polar Institute, Polar Environmental Centre. ISBN 82-7666-208-0.

Lydersen, C., Aars, J. and Kit M. Kovacs. 2008. Estimating the number of walruses in Svalbard based on aerial surveys and behavioral data from satellite telemetry. Arctic, vol. 61, N 2. Pp. 119-128.

Lydersen, Ch., Hamilton, C.D, Lowther, A.D. and K.M. Kovacs.2014. Year-around diving, movements and houl-out behaviour of walruses (Odobenus rosmarus) from the Svalbard – Franz-Josef Land population. International Conference Marine Mammals of the Holarctic. Saint Petersburg, September 22-27. Sain Petersburg. P.107.

Wiig, ø, Berg, V., Gjertz, I., Seagars, D.J. and J.U. Skaare. 2000. Use of skin biopsies for assessing levels of organochlorines in walruses (Odobenus rosmarus). Polar Biology, 23. Pp. 272-278.

Links – national and international

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Wolverine (Gulo gulo)

References (literature)

Abramov, A., Belant, J. & Wozencraft, C. 2009: Gulo gulo. – The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2014.3. <www.iucnredlist.org>. (Downloaded on 17 November 2014.)

Copeland, J., McKelvey, K., Aubry, K., Landa, A., Persson, J., Inman, R., Krebs, J., Lofroth, E., Golden, H., Squires, J., Magoun, A., Schwartz, M., Wilmot, J., Copeland, C., Yates, R. & May, R. 2010: Does spring snow cover define the bioclimatic envelope of the wolverine? – Canadian Journal of Zoology 88: 233–246.

Hedmark, E., Persson, J., Landa, A. & Segerström, P. 2007: Paternity and mating system in wolverines. – Wildlife Biology 13 (Suppl. 2): 13–30.

Hobbs, T., Andrén, H., Persson, J., Aronsson, M. & Chapron, G. 2012: Native predators reduce harvest of reindeer by Sámi pastoralists. – Ecological Applications 22: 1640–1654.

Inman, R., Magoun, A., Persson, J. & Mattisson, J. 2012: The wolverine’s niche: Linking reproductive chronology, caching, competition, and climate. – Journal of Mammalogy 93: 634–644.

Landa, A., Lindén, M. and Kojola, I. 2000: Action plan for the conservation of wolverines (Gulo gulo) in Europe. – Nature and Environment, No. 115. Council of Europe, Strasbourg, France.

Persson, J., Landa, A., Andersen, R. & Segerström, P. 2006: Reproductive characteristics of female wolverines (Gulo gulo) in Scandinavia. – Journal of Mammalogy 87: 75–79.

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/9561/0 

http://www.wolverineproject.se/ 

http://www.rktl.fi/english/game/monitoring_populations/large_carnivore_research/large_carnivore_research.html

http://www.artfakta.se/Artfaktablad/Gulo_Gulo_100066.pdf 

http://www.artsportalen.artsdatabanken.no/#/Rodliste2010/Vurdering/Gulo+gulo/34459 

 

Yellow-billed loon (Gavia adamsii)

References (literature)

1. Аарвак и др., 2011;

2. Коханов, 1979, 1998;

3. Красная книга РФ, 2001;

4. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species, 2012;

5. Solovieva, 1997;

6. Летопись природы Кандалакшского заповедника, 1947—2012;

7. Краснов и др., 2006.

Links – national and international

http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/full/22697847/0