In Russia two companies, Russian Salmon (Russkiy Losos) and Gigante Pechenga has established four commercial fish farms in the Ambarnaya and Pechenga bays of the Barents Sea. They cultivate nearly a million salmons and produce more than 3000 tons of fish a year. The two firms plan to install another 14 net cages in the Pechenga area.
The aquaculture activities in Norway are spread onto 130 different locations around the coastline of Finnmark.
Atlantic salmon, rainbow trout and trout
In the county of Finnmark there are 83 licences for production of salmon. Each licence gives the right to keep 900 ton of fish at any time. After a period of consolidation the production are again increasing (Figure 2.5.13).
Other marine fish
There where 47 licences in January 2009 in Finnmark, most of them are cod licence. Each licence gives the right to keep 780 ton of fish at any time. Figure 2.5.14 shows the cod production in Finnmark Some of the farmers based the production on wild catch cod and others use artificially produced juveniles.
Shellfish licence in Finnmark includes blue mussel, sea urchin and king crab. Blue mussel farmers are struggling with poisonous algae and have not been able to sell their shells (Figure 2.5.15).