In Russia, the new Federal Law “On Transportation Safety” came into force in February 2007. The Russian system for safety shipping is built according to international rules and national regulations and consists of: safe shipping lanes, navigation means and information systems. The Ministry of Transport of Russia has developed the concept for building the Regional System of Safe Shipping that include: regional and local Vessel Traffic Management and Information System (VTMIS); Automatic Identification System (AIS); Global Maritime Distress and Safety System (GMDSS); Differential Global Navigation Satellite System (DGNSS) GLONASS/GPS. In the Barents Sea, the Regional System of Safe Shipping is focused on the Kola Bay. Norway and Russia are working on building coordinated regional VTMIS.
Russian Ministry of Transport has established the global automated system for monitoring and control of sea and sea-river ships location for securing sea shipping safety and following the terms of international conventions and IMO recommendations. The monitoring system is based on satellite connection system INMARSAT, and global navigation systems GLONASS and NAVSTAR. The system is coordinated by FSUE (Federal State Unitary Enterprise) Morsvyazsputnik (company dealing with marine satellite connection) of the Ministry of Transport. The Centre of Monitoring for gathering and processing information is formed by Morsvyazsputnik, State Calculation Centre and Head Centre for Communication and Satellite Systems of the Ministry of Transport. The Centre of Monitoring runs information exchange with sea ports administrations and State Salvage Department (Gosmorspassluzhba).